- Research Article
- Open access
- Published:

# Existence of Solution and Positive Solution for a Nonlinear Third-Order -Point BVP

*Fixed Point Theory and Applications*
**volumeÂ 2010**, ArticleÂ number:Â 126192 (2010)

## Abstract

In this paper, we are concerned with the following nonlinear third-order -point boundary value problem: , , , , . Some existence criteria of solution and positive solution are established by using the Schauder fixed point theorem. An example is also included to illustrate the importance of the results obtained.

## 1. Introduction

Third-order differential equations arise in a variety of different areas of applied mathematics and physics, for example, in the deflection of a curved beam having a constant or varying cross-section, a three-layer beam, electromagnetic waves, or gravity-driven flows and so on [1].

Recently, third-order two-point or three-point boundary value problems (BVPs) have received much attention from many authors; see [2â€“10] and the references therein. In particular, Yao [10] employed the Leray-Schauder fixed point theorem to prove the existence of solution and positive solution for the BVP

Although there are many excellent results on third-order two-point or three-point BVPs, few works have been done for more general third-order -point BVPs [11â€“13]. It is worth mentioning that Jin and Lu [12] studied some third-order differential equation with the following -point boundary conditions:

The main tool used was Mawhin's continuation theorem.

Motivated greatly by [10, 12], in this paper, we investigate the following nonlinear third-order -point BVP:

Throughout, we always assume that and . The purpose of this paper is to consider the local properties of on some bounded sets and establish some existence criteria of solution and positive solution for the BVP (1.3) by using the Schauder fixed point theorem. An example is also included to illustrate the importance of the results obtained.

## 2. Main Results

Lemma 2.1.

Let . Then, for any , the BVP

has a unique solution

where

Proof.

If is a solution of the BVP (2.1), then we may suppose that

By the boundary conditions in (2.1), we know that

Therefore, the unique solution of the BVP (2.1)

In the remainder of this paper, we always assume that . For convenience, we denote

The following theorem guarantees the existence of solution for the BVP (1.3).

Theorem 2.2.

Assume that is continuous and there exist and such that

Then the BVP (1.3) has one solution satisfying

Proof.

Let be equipped with the norm , where . Then is a Banach space.

Let , . Then the BVP (1.3) is equivalent to the following system:

Furthermore, it is easy to know that the system (2.10) is equivalent to the following system:

Now, if we define an operator by

where

then it is easy to see that is completely continuous and the system (2.11) and so the BVP (1.3) is equivalent to the fixed point equation

Let . Then is a closed convex subset of . Suppose that . Then and . So,

which implies that

From (2.16) and , we have

On the other hand, it follows from (2.17) that

In view of (2.18) and (2.19), we know that

which shows that . Then it follows from the Schauder fixed point theorem that has a fixed point . In other words, the BVP (1.3) has one solution , which satisfies

On the basis of Theorem 2.2, we now give some existence results of nonnegative solution and positive solution for the BVP (1.3).

Theorem 2.3.

Assume that , , , , is continuous, and there exist and such that

Then the BVP (1.3) has one solution satisfying

Proof.

Let

Then is continuous and

Consider the BVP

By Theorem 2.2, we know that the BVP (2.26) has one solution satisfying

Since , we get

In view of (2.28) and , we have

which implies that

It follows from (2.28), (2.30), and the definition of that

Therefore, is a solution of the BVP (1.3) and satisfies

Corollary 2.4.

Assume that all the conditions of Theorem 2.3 are fulfilled. Then the BVP (1.3) has one positive solution if one of the following conditions is satisfied:

(i);

(ii);

(iii), .

Proof.

Since it is easy to prove Cases (ii) and (iii), we only prove Case (i). It follows from Theorem 2.3 that the BVP (1.3) has a solution , which satisfies

Suppose that . Then for any , we have

which shows that is a positive solution of the BVP (1.3).

Example 2.5.

Consider the BVP

where , .

A simple calculation shows that and . Thus, if we choose and , then all the conditions of Theorem 2.3 and (i) of Corollary 2.4 are fulfilled. It follows from Corollary 2.4 that the BVP (2.35) has a positive solution.

## References

GreguÅ¡ M:

*Third Order Linear Differential Equations, Mathematics and its Applications (East European Series)*.*Volume 22*. Reidel, Dordrecht, The Netherlands; 1987:xvi+270.Anderson DR:

**Green's function for a third-order generalized right focal problem.***Journal of Mathematical Analysis and Applications*2003,**288**(1):1â€“14. 10.1016/S0022-247X(03)00132-XBai Z:

**Existence of solutions for some third-order boundary-value problems.***Electronic Journal of Differential Equations*2008,**25:**1â€“6.Feng Y, Liu S:

**Solvability of a third-order two-point boundary value problem.***Applied Mathematics Letters*2005,**18**(9):1034â€“1040. 10.1016/j.aml.2004.04.016Guo L-J, Sun J-P, Zhao Y-H:

**Existence of positive solutions for nonlinear third-order three-point boundary value problems.***Nonlinear Analysis. Theory, Methods & Applications*2008,**68**(10):3151â€“3158. 10.1016/j.na.2007.03.008Hopkins B, Kosmatov N:

**Third-order boundary value problems with sign-changing solutions.***Nonlinear Analysis. Theory, Methods & Applications*2007,**67**(1):126â€“137. 10.1016/j.na.2006.05.003Ma R:

**Multiplicity results for a third order boundary value problem at resonance.***Nonlinear Analysis. Theory, Methods & Applications*1998,**32**(4):493â€“499. 10.1016/S0362-546X(97)00494-XSun J-P, Ren Q-Y, Zhao Y-H:

**The upper and lower solution method for nonlinear third-order three-point boundary value problem.***Electronic Journal of Qualitative Theory of Differential Equations*2010,**26:**1â€“8.Sun Y:

**Positive solutions for third-order three-point nonhomogeneous boundary value problems.***Applied Mathematics Letters*2009,**22**(1):45â€“51. 10.1016/j.aml.2008.02.002Yao Q:

**Solution and positive solution for a semilinear third-order two-point boundary value problem.***Applied Mathematics Letters*2004,**17**(10):1171â€“1175. 10.1016/j.aml.2003.09.011Du Z, Lin X, Ge W:

**On a third-order multi-point boundary value problem at resonance.***Journal of Mathematical Analysis and Applications*2005,**302**(1):217â€“229. 10.1016/j.jmaa.2004.08.012Jin S, Lu S:

**Existence of solutions for a third-order multipoint boundary value problem with -Laplacian.***Journal of the Franklin Institute*2010,**347**(3):599â€“606. 10.1016/j.jfranklin.2009.12.005Sun J-P, Zhang H-E:

**Existence of solutions to third-order -point boundary-value problems.***Electronic Journal of Differential Equations*2008,**125:**1â€“9.

## Acknowledgment

This paper was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (10801068).

## Author information

### Authors and Affiliations

### Corresponding author

## Rights and permissions

**Open Access** This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

## About this article

### Cite this article

Sun, JP., Jin, FX. Existence of Solution and Positive Solution for a Nonlinear Third-Order -Point BVP.
*Fixed Point Theory Appl* **2010**, 126192 (2010). https://doi.org/10.1155/2010/126192

Received:

Accepted:

Published:

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1155/2010/126192